Mediation is usually a voluntary process parties agree to – no party can force another party to mediate. However, many courts and tribunals have compulsory dispute resolution procedures. The Family Court requires compulsory mediation in parenting matters. Court actions in the Family Court of Australia or the Federal Circuit Court of Australia can only commence if parties have taken genuine steps to resolve their dispute (Family law Act, 1975) and have obtained a Certificate S60i from a Family dispute Resolution Practitioner. Though there are some exclusions. For exclusions it is best to seek legal advice.